Learning and Optimization for Turbulent Flows


Turbulence is pervasive throughout most thermal-fluid systems, yet the modeling of turbulence and its effects on engineering systems remain a persistent challenge. This dissertation brings a new set of analytical tools to bear on the turbulence problem, and in doing so reveals new insights about turbulence modeling and engineering design optimization. Data-driven machine learning and optimization techniques are employed in a new autonomic closure for coarse-grained turbulent flow simulations. Sparsity-inducing, multi-task learning, feature extraction, and kernel-based extensions of the autonomic closure are further explored. These techniques improve the speed, accuracy, and interpretability of the autonomic closure. Additionally, efficient adjoint optimization techniques are used to improve the design of wind farm layouts. This novel application of adjoint optimization brings groundbreaking model fidelity and high-dimensional gradient-based optimization algorithms to the challenging turbulent flow control problem found in designing wind farms. In both applications, the optimization and learning framework provides new insights into turbulence modeling and applied engineering design.

Aug 16, 2016 10:00 AM — 11:00 AM
Bechtel Collaboratory, Discovery Learning Center
Engineering Center, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309

National Renewable Energy Laboratory